Records of the United States Children's Bureau
Featured Item From This Collection
[Jim Crow train travel.] IRW mentions that even if she can get Pullman train accommodations via a personal connection from Haines, “it is not safe to use it.”
The United States Children's Bureau was the first US federal agency to focus on the health and well-being of children and their mothers. Founded in 1912, it played a major role in the development of the early US welfare state.
Many of the items reproduced here concern the work of Dr. Ionia Rollin Whipper (1872-1953), an African-American obstetrician who graduated from Howard University Medical School in 1903. During the 1920s, Dr. Whipper traveled throughout the South teaching midwives to register the births they attended.
Not all of the items here are fully described yet.