Records of the United States Children's Bureau


The United States Children's Bureau was the first US federal agency to focus on the health and well-being of children and their mothers. Founded in 1912, it played a major role in the development of the early US welfare state.

Many of the items reproduced here concern the work of Dr. Ionia Rollin Whipper (1872-1953), an African-American obstetrician who graduated from Howard University Medical School in 1903. During the 1920s, Dr. Whipper traveled throughout the South teaching midwives to register the births they attended.

Not all of the items here are fully described yet.

Selected Items

Acknowledges IRW's reports in Blanche Haines's absence.

Letter with weekly report for weeks ending June 30 and July 7, 1928. 3 pages.

Acknowledges letter of June 25; includes mention of IRW's fundraising efforts with the “colored people” for “colored nurses.”

Weekly report for weeks ending June 16 & 23, 1928; requests copy of syllabus of instruction for midwives. 2 pages.

Acknowledges IRW's letter of June 14. Mentions future work in Texas.

Comments on summer weather in Texas and her relocation to Prairie View College.